Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, but it’s also the most deadly. It kills more men than any other cancer, and it’s getting worse. Prostate cancer is caused by a virus, but it can also be caused by a number of other things, including genetics, lifestyle choices, and exposure to toxins.
What all these factors have in common is that they’re not always easy to change. You can get rid from Prostate cancer Must Buy ProstaStream.
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate gland produces fluid that helps to provide sperm and semen during sex.
Prostate cancer can affect any age, but it is most common in males over the age of 65. There are several types of prostate cancer, including early-stage, localized prostate cancer, advanced-stage prostate cancer, and metastatic prostate cancer.
What Is Prostate Cancer?
The disease is less common before age 50, and experts believe that most elderly men have traces of it.
African American men are more likely to get prostate cancer and have the highest death rate. Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. In other parts of the world — notably Asia, Africa, and Latin America — prostate cancer is rare.
Prostate cancer is usually a very slow-growing cancer, often causing no symptoms until it is in an advanced stage.
Most men with prostate cancer die of other causes and many never know that they have the disease. But once prostate cancer begins to grow quickly or spreads outside the prostate, it is dangerous.
Prostate cancer in its early stages (when it’s found only in the prostate gland) can be treated, with very good chances for survival.
Fortunately, about 85% of American men with prostate cancer are diagnosed in an early stage of the disease.
Cancer that has spread beyond the prostate (such as to the bones, lymph nodes, and lungs) is not curable, but it may be controlled for many years. Because of the many advances in treatments, most men whose prostate cancer becomes widespread can expect to live 5 years or more. Some men with advanced prostate cancer live
a normal life and die of another cause, such as heart disease.
Types of Prostate Cancer
The type of prostate cancer tells you which type of cell the cancer started in. There are different types of prostate cancer. The most common type is adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
Doctors use the information about your prostate cancer type along with:
- How Abnormal The Cancer Cells Look Under The Microscope. This Is The Grade Of The Cancer
- The Size Of The Cancer And Whether It Has Spread. This Is The Stage
This helps your doctor decide which treatment you need. Another way doctors may describe your cancer is as localised, locally advanced or advanced.
The Most Common Prostate Cancer: Adenocarcinoma
These cancers start in the gland cells of the prostate. Gland cells make prostate fluid. This fluid combines with sperm to make semen. When you get cancer in these cells, you could have one of two types:
Acinar adenocarcinoma (conventional adenocarcinoma): This cancer accounts for virtually all prostatic adenocarcinomas. Acini cells line the prostate’s fluid-secreting glands. The cancer starts growing in the back (periphery) of the prostate near the rectum and may be felt during a doctor’s digital rectal exam. The disease increases PSA levels.
Prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA): This cancer is a rarer but more aggressive form of adenocarcinoma. It develops in the cells lining the tubes and ducts of the prostate gland. When it occurs, it frequently develops along with Acinar adenocarcinoma. This cancer type doesn’t necessarily increase PSA levels, making it harder to detect.
Other Rare Forms of Prostate Cancer
Up to 5% of prostate cancers are not adenocarcinomas. They may be one of the following:
Small-cell carcinoma: This kind of cancer is most common in the lungs. Small-cell carcinomas make up about 1% of prostate cancers. It develops in small round cells in the prostate and can spread very quickly. Usually it has already spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones, by the time doctors diagnose it.
Squamous cell carcinoma: This is more often a skin cancer. Less than 1% — maybe as few as half of a percent — of men with prostate cancer has this type. It starts in flat cells that cover the prostate. Like small-cell carcinoma, it’s also a faster, more aggressive form.
Transitional cell (or urothelial) cancer: This cancer grows in the urethra. That’s the tube that carries urine outside the body. It’s unclear how often it starts in the prostate and spreads here. Most often, it starts in the bladder before it spreads.
Neuroendocrine tumors: These tumors can pop up in neuroendocrine cells anywhere in the body. Those are cells that make hormones to help the function of the organ they occupy, such as the lungs, stomach, and pancreas. About half of all neuroendocrine tumors start in the digestive system. Rarely, tumors grow inside neuroendocrine cells of the prostate.
Soft tissue sarcoma: This starts in supportive tissues. That can include muscle, nerves, fat, and blood vessels. In the prostate, these cancers are extremely rare. They account for less than 0.1% of cases. That’s fewer than 1 in 1,000 men with prostate cancer.